Running with Cloudera and HortonWorks
Spark can run against all versions of Cloudera’s Distribution Including Apache Hadoop (CDH) and the Hortonworks Data Platform (HDP). There are a few things to keep in mind when using Spark with these distributions:
Compile-time Hadoop Version
When compiling Spark, you’ll need to set the SPARK_HADOOP_VERSION flag:
SPARK_HADOOP_VERSION=1.0.4 sbt/sbt assembly
The table below lists the corresponding
SPARK_HADOOP_VERSION code for each CDH/HDP release. Note that
some Hadoop releases are binary compatible across client versions. This means the pre-built Spark
distribution may “just work” without you needing to compile. That said, we recommend compiling with
the exact Hadoop version you are running to avoid any compatibility errors.
Linking Applications to the Hadoop Version
In addition to compiling Spark itself against the right version, you need to add a Maven dependency on that
hadoop-client to any Spark applications you run, so they can also talk to the HDFS version
on the cluster. If you are using CDH, you also need to add the Cloudera Maven repository.
This looks as follows in SBT:
libraryDependencies += "org.apache.hadoop" % "hadoop-client" % "<version>" // If using CDH, also add Cloudera repo resolvers += "Cloudera Repository" at "https://repository.cloudera.com/artifactory/cloudera-repos/"
Or in Maven:
<project> <dependencies> ... <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId> <artifactId>hadoop-client</artifactId> <version>[version]</version> </dependency> </dependencies> <!-- If using CDH, also add Cloudera repo --> <repositories> ... <repository> <id>Cloudera repository</id> <url>https://repository.cloudera.com/artifactory/cloudera-repos/</url> </repository> </repositories> </project>
Where to Run Spark
As described in the Hardware Provisioning guide, Spark can run in a variety of deployment modes:
- Using dedicated set of Spark nodes in your cluster. These nodes should be co-located with your Hadoop installation.
- Running on the same nodes as an existing Hadoop installation, with a fixed amount memory and cores dedicated to Spark on each node.
- Run Spark alongside Hadoop using a cluster resource manager, such as YARN or Mesos.
These options are identical for those using CDH and HDP.
Inheriting Cluster Configuration
If you plan to read and write from HDFS using Spark, there are two Hadoop configuration files that should be included on Spark’s classpath:
hdfs-site.xml, which provides default behaviors for the HDFS client.
core-site.xml, which sets the default filesystem name.
The location of these configuration files varies across CDH and HDP versions, but
a common location is inside of
/etc/hadoop/conf. Some tools, such as Cloudera Manager, create
configurations on-the-fly, but offer a mechanisms to download copies of them.
There are a few ways to make these files visible to Spark:
- You can copy these files into
$SPARK_HOME/confand they will be included in Spark’s classpath automatically.
- If you are running Spark on the same nodes as Hadoop and your distribution includes both
core-site.xmlin the same directory, you can set
$SPARK_HOME/spark-env.shto that directory.