package broadcast

Spark's broadcast variables, used to broadcast immutable datasets to all nodes.

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  1. abstract class Broadcast[T] extends Serializable with Logging


    A broadcast variable.

    A broadcast variable. Broadcast variables allow the programmer to keep a read-only variable cached on each machine rather than shipping a copy of it with tasks. They can be used, for example, to give every node a copy of a large input dataset in an efficient manner. Spark also attempts to distribute broadcast variables using efficient broadcast algorithms to reduce communication cost.

    Broadcast variables are created from a variable v by calling org.apache.spark.SparkContext#broadcast. The broadcast variable is a wrapper around v, and its value can be accessed by calling the value method. The interpreter session below shows this:

    scala> val broadcastVar = sc.broadcast(Array(1, 2, 3))
    broadcastVar: org.apache.spark.broadcast.Broadcast[Array[Int]] = Broadcast(0)
    scala> broadcastVar.value
    res0: Array[Int] = Array(1, 2, 3)

    After the broadcast variable is created, it should be used instead of the value v in any functions run on the cluster so that v is not shipped to the nodes more than once. In addition, the object v should not be modified after it is broadcast in order to ensure that all nodes get the same value of the broadcast variable (e.g. if the variable is shipped to a new node later).


    Type of the data contained in the broadcast variable.

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