Source code for pyspark.sql.context

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from __future__ import print_function
import sys
import warnings

if sys.version >= '3':
    basestring = unicode = str

from pyspark import since, _NoValue
from pyspark.rdd import ignore_unicode_prefix
from pyspark.sql.session import _monkey_patch_RDD, SparkSession
from pyspark.sql.dataframe import DataFrame
from pyspark.sql.readwriter import DataFrameReader
from pyspark.sql.streaming import DataStreamReader
from pyspark.sql.types import IntegerType, Row, StringType
from pyspark.sql.udf import UDFRegistration
from pyspark.sql.utils import install_exception_handler

__all__ = ["SQLContext", "HiveContext"]

[docs]class SQLContext(object): """The entry point for working with structured data (rows and columns) in Spark, in Spark 1.x. As of Spark 2.0, this is replaced by :class:`SparkSession`. However, we are keeping the class here for backward compatibility. A SQLContext can be used create :class:`DataFrame`, register :class:`DataFrame` as tables, execute SQL over tables, cache tables, and read parquet files. :param sparkContext: The :class:`SparkContext` backing this SQLContext. :param sparkSession: The :class:`SparkSession` around which this SQLContext wraps. :param jsqlContext: An optional JVM Scala SQLContext. If set, we do not instantiate a new SQLContext in the JVM, instead we make all calls to this object. """ _instantiatedContext = None @ignore_unicode_prefix def __init__(self, sparkContext, sparkSession=None, jsqlContext=None): """Creates a new SQLContext. >>> from datetime import datetime >>> sqlContext = SQLContext(sc) >>> allTypes = sc.parallelize([Row(i=1, s="string", d=1.0, l=1, ... b=True, list=[1, 2, 3], dict={"s": 0}, row=Row(a=1), ... time=datetime(2014, 8, 1, 14, 1, 5))]) >>> df = allTypes.toDF() >>> df.createOrReplaceTempView("allTypes") >>> sqlContext.sql('select i+1, d+1, not b, list[1], dict["s"], time, row.a ' ... 'from allTypes where b and i > 0').collect() [Row((i + CAST(1 AS BIGINT))=2, (d + CAST(1 AS DOUBLE))=2.0, (NOT b)=False, list[1]=2, \ dict[s]=0, time=datetime.datetime(2014, 8, 1, 14, 1, 5), a=1)] >>> x: (x.i, x.s, x.d, x.l, x.b, x.time, x.row.a, x.list)).collect() [(1, u'string', 1.0, 1, True, datetime.datetime(2014, 8, 1, 14, 1, 5), 1, [1, 2, 3])] """ self._sc = sparkContext self._jsc = self._sc._jsc self._jvm = self._sc._jvm if sparkSession is None: sparkSession = SparkSession.builder.getOrCreate() if jsqlContext is None: jsqlContext = sparkSession._jwrapped self.sparkSession = sparkSession self._jsqlContext = jsqlContext _monkey_patch_RDD(self.sparkSession) install_exception_handler() if SQLContext._instantiatedContext is None: SQLContext._instantiatedContext = self @property def _ssql_ctx(self): """Accessor for the JVM Spark SQL context. Subclasses can override this property to provide their own JVM Contexts. """ return self._jsqlContext @property def _conf(self): """Accessor for the JVM SQL-specific configurations""" return self.sparkSession._jsparkSession.sessionState().conf()
[docs] @classmethod @since(1.6) def getOrCreate(cls, sc): """ Get the existing SQLContext or create a new one with given SparkContext. :param sc: SparkContext """ if cls._instantiatedContext is None: jsqlContext = sc._jvm.SQLContext.getOrCreate( sparkSession = SparkSession(sc, jsqlContext.sparkSession()) cls(sc, sparkSession, jsqlContext) return cls._instantiatedContext
[docs] @since(1.6) def newSession(self): """ Returns a new SQLContext as new session, that has separate SQLConf, registered temporary views and UDFs, but shared SparkContext and table cache. """ return self.__class__(self._sc, self.sparkSession.newSession())
[docs] @since(1.3) def setConf(self, key, value): """Sets the given Spark SQL configuration property. """ self.sparkSession.conf.set(key, value)
[docs] @ignore_unicode_prefix @since(1.3) def getConf(self, key, defaultValue=_NoValue): """Returns the value of Spark SQL configuration property for the given key. If the key is not set and defaultValue is set, return defaultValue. If the key is not set and defaultValue is not set, return the system default value. >>> sqlContext.getConf("spark.sql.shuffle.partitions") u'200' >>> sqlContext.getConf("spark.sql.shuffle.partitions", u"10") u'10' >>> sqlContext.setConf("spark.sql.shuffle.partitions", u"50") >>> sqlContext.getConf("spark.sql.shuffle.partitions", u"10") u'50' """ return self.sparkSession.conf.get(key, defaultValue)
@property @since("1.3.1") def udf(self): """Returns a :class:`UDFRegistration` for UDF registration. :return: :class:`UDFRegistration` """ return self.sparkSession.udf
[docs] @since(1.4) def range(self, start, end=None, step=1, numPartitions=None): """ Create a :class:`DataFrame` with single :class:`pyspark.sql.types.LongType` column named ``id``, containing elements in a range from ``start`` to ``end`` (exclusive) with step value ``step``. :param start: the start value :param end: the end value (exclusive) :param step: the incremental step (default: 1) :param numPartitions: the number of partitions of the DataFrame :return: :class:`DataFrame` >>> sqlContext.range(1, 7, 2).collect() [Row(id=1), Row(id=3), Row(id=5)] If only one argument is specified, it will be used as the end value. >>> sqlContext.range(3).collect() [Row(id=0), Row(id=1), Row(id=2)] """ return self.sparkSession.range(start, end, step, numPartitions)
[docs] @since(1.2) def registerFunction(self, name, f, returnType=None): """An alias for :func:`spark.udf.register`. See :meth:`pyspark.sql.UDFRegistration.register`. .. note:: Deprecated in 2.3.0. Use :func:`spark.udf.register` instead. """ warnings.warn( "Deprecated in 2.3.0. Use spark.udf.register instead.", DeprecationWarning) return self.sparkSession.udf.register(name, f, returnType)
[docs] @since(2.1) def registerJavaFunction(self, name, javaClassName, returnType=None): """An alias for :func:`spark.udf.registerJavaFunction`. See :meth:`pyspark.sql.UDFRegistration.registerJavaFunction`. .. note:: Deprecated in 2.3.0. Use :func:`spark.udf.registerJavaFunction` instead. """ warnings.warn( "Deprecated in 2.3.0. Use spark.udf.registerJavaFunction instead.", DeprecationWarning) return self.sparkSession.udf.registerJavaFunction(name, javaClassName, returnType)
# TODO(andrew): delete this once we refactor things to take in SparkSession def _inferSchema(self, rdd, samplingRatio=None): """ Infer schema from an RDD of Row or tuple. :param rdd: an RDD of Row or tuple :param samplingRatio: sampling ratio, or no sampling (default) :return: :class:`pyspark.sql.types.StructType` """ return self.sparkSession._inferSchema(rdd, samplingRatio)
[docs] @since(1.3) @ignore_unicode_prefix def createDataFrame(self, data, schema=None, samplingRatio=None, verifySchema=True): """ Creates a :class:`DataFrame` from an :class:`RDD`, a list or a :class:`pandas.DataFrame`. When ``schema`` is a list of column names, the type of each column will be inferred from ``data``. When ``schema`` is ``None``, it will try to infer the schema (column names and types) from ``data``, which should be an RDD of :class:`Row`, or :class:`namedtuple`, or :class:`dict`. When ``schema`` is :class:`pyspark.sql.types.DataType` or a datatype string it must match the real data, or an exception will be thrown at runtime. If the given schema is not :class:`pyspark.sql.types.StructType`, it will be wrapped into a :class:`pyspark.sql.types.StructType` as its only field, and the field name will be "value", each record will also be wrapped into a tuple, which can be converted to row later. If schema inference is needed, ``samplingRatio`` is used to determined the ratio of rows used for schema inference. The first row will be used if ``samplingRatio`` is ``None``. :param data: an RDD of any kind of SQL data representation(e.g. :class:`Row`, :class:`tuple`, ``int``, ``boolean``, etc.), or :class:`list`, or :class:`pandas.DataFrame`. :param schema: a :class:`pyspark.sql.types.DataType` or a datatype string or a list of column names, default is None. The data type string format equals to :class:`pyspark.sql.types.DataType.simpleString`, except that top level struct type can omit the ``struct<>`` and atomic types use ``typeName()`` as their format, e.g. use ``byte`` instead of ``tinyint`` for :class:`pyspark.sql.types.ByteType`. We can also use ``int`` as a short name for :class:`pyspark.sql.types.IntegerType`. :param samplingRatio: the sample ratio of rows used for inferring :param verifySchema: verify data types of every row against schema. :return: :class:`DataFrame` .. versionchanged:: 2.0 The ``schema`` parameter can be a :class:`pyspark.sql.types.DataType` or a datatype string after 2.0. If it's not a :class:`pyspark.sql.types.StructType`, it will be wrapped into a :class:`pyspark.sql.types.StructType` and each record will also be wrapped into a tuple. .. versionchanged:: 2.1 Added verifySchema. >>> l = [('Alice', 1)] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(l).collect() [Row(_1=u'Alice', _2=1)] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(l, ['name', 'age']).collect() [Row(name=u'Alice', age=1)] >>> d = [{'name': 'Alice', 'age': 1}] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(d).collect() [Row(age=1, name=u'Alice')] >>> rdd = sc.parallelize(l) >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(rdd).collect() [Row(_1=u'Alice', _2=1)] >>> df = sqlContext.createDataFrame(rdd, ['name', 'age']) >>> df.collect() [Row(name=u'Alice', age=1)] >>> from pyspark.sql import Row >>> Person = Row('name', 'age') >>> person = r: Person(*r)) >>> df2 = sqlContext.createDataFrame(person) >>> df2.collect() [Row(name=u'Alice', age=1)] >>> from pyspark.sql.types import * >>> schema = StructType([ ... StructField("name", StringType(), True), ... StructField("age", IntegerType(), True)]) >>> df3 = sqlContext.createDataFrame(rdd, schema) >>> df3.collect() [Row(name=u'Alice', age=1)] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(df.toPandas()).collect() # doctest: +SKIP [Row(name=u'Alice', age=1)] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(pandas.DataFrame([[1, 2]])).collect() # doctest: +SKIP [Row(0=1, 1=2)] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(rdd, "a: string, b: int").collect() [Row(a=u'Alice', b=1)] >>> rdd = row: row[1]) >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(rdd, "int").collect() [Row(value=1)] >>> sqlContext.createDataFrame(rdd, "boolean").collect() # doctest: +IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL Traceback (most recent call last): ... Py4JJavaError: ... """ return self.sparkSession.createDataFrame(data, schema, samplingRatio, verifySchema)
[docs] @since(1.3) def registerDataFrameAsTable(self, df, tableName): """Registers the given :class:`DataFrame` as a temporary table in the catalog. Temporary tables exist only during the lifetime of this instance of :class:`SQLContext`. >>> sqlContext.registerDataFrameAsTable(df, "table1") """ df.createOrReplaceTempView(tableName)
[docs] @since(1.6) def dropTempTable(self, tableName): """ Remove the temporary table from catalog. >>> sqlContext.registerDataFrameAsTable(df, "table1") >>> sqlContext.dropTempTable("table1") """ self.sparkSession.catalog.dropTempView(tableName)
[docs] @since(1.3) def createExternalTable(self, tableName, path=None, source=None, schema=None, **options): """Creates an external table based on the dataset in a data source. It returns the DataFrame associated with the external table. The data source is specified by the ``source`` and a set of ``options``. If ``source`` is not specified, the default data source configured by ``spark.sql.sources.default`` will be used. Optionally, a schema can be provided as the schema of the returned :class:`DataFrame` and created external table. :return: :class:`DataFrame` """ return self.sparkSession.catalog.createExternalTable( tableName, path, source, schema, **options)
[docs] @ignore_unicode_prefix @since(1.0) def sql(self, sqlQuery): """Returns a :class:`DataFrame` representing the result of the given query. :return: :class:`DataFrame` >>> sqlContext.registerDataFrameAsTable(df, "table1") >>> df2 = sqlContext.sql("SELECT field1 AS f1, field2 as f2 from table1") >>> df2.collect() [Row(f1=1, f2=u'row1'), Row(f1=2, f2=u'row2'), Row(f1=3, f2=u'row3')] """ return self.sparkSession.sql(sqlQuery)
[docs] @since(1.0) def table(self, tableName): """Returns the specified table or view as a :class:`DataFrame`. :return: :class:`DataFrame` >>> sqlContext.registerDataFrameAsTable(df, "table1") >>> df2 = sqlContext.table("table1") >>> sorted(df.collect()) == sorted(df2.collect()) True """ return self.sparkSession.table(tableName)
[docs] @ignore_unicode_prefix @since(1.3) def tables(self, dbName=None): """Returns a :class:`DataFrame` containing names of tables in the given database. If ``dbName`` is not specified, the current database will be used. The returned DataFrame has two columns: ``tableName`` and ``isTemporary`` (a column with :class:`BooleanType` indicating if a table is a temporary one or not). :param dbName: string, name of the database to use. :return: :class:`DataFrame` >>> sqlContext.registerDataFrameAsTable(df, "table1") >>> df2 = sqlContext.tables() >>> df2.filter("tableName = 'table1'").first() Row(database=u'', tableName=u'table1', isTemporary=True) """ if dbName is None: return DataFrame(self._ssql_ctx.tables(), self) else: return DataFrame(self._ssql_ctx.tables(dbName), self)
[docs] @since(1.3) def tableNames(self, dbName=None): """Returns a list of names of tables in the database ``dbName``. :param dbName: string, name of the database to use. Default to the current database. :return: list of table names, in string >>> sqlContext.registerDataFrameAsTable(df, "table1") >>> "table1" in sqlContext.tableNames() True >>> "table1" in sqlContext.tableNames("default") True """ if dbName is None: return [name for name in self._ssql_ctx.tableNames()] else: return [name for name in self._ssql_ctx.tableNames(dbName)]
[docs] @since(1.0) def cacheTable(self, tableName): """Caches the specified table in-memory.""" self._ssql_ctx.cacheTable(tableName)
[docs] @since(1.0) def uncacheTable(self, tableName): """Removes the specified table from the in-memory cache.""" self._ssql_ctx.uncacheTable(tableName)
[docs] @since(1.3) def clearCache(self): """Removes all cached tables from the in-memory cache. """ self._ssql_ctx.clearCache()
@property @since(1.4) def read(self): """ Returns a :class:`DataFrameReader` that can be used to read data in as a :class:`DataFrame`. :return: :class:`DataFrameReader` """ return DataFrameReader(self) @property @since(2.0) def readStream(self): """ Returns a :class:`DataStreamReader` that can be used to read data streams as a streaming :class:`DataFrame`. .. note:: Evolving. :return: :class:`DataStreamReader` >>> text_sdf = sqlContext.readStream.text(tempfile.mkdtemp()) >>> text_sdf.isStreaming True """ return DataStreamReader(self) @property @since(2.0) def streams(self): """Returns a :class:`StreamingQueryManager` that allows managing all the :class:`StreamingQuery` StreamingQueries active on `this` context. .. note:: Evolving. """ from pyspark.sql.streaming import StreamingQueryManager return StreamingQueryManager(self._ssql_ctx.streams())
[docs]class HiveContext(SQLContext): """A variant of Spark SQL that integrates with data stored in Hive. Configuration for Hive is read from ``hive-site.xml`` on the classpath. It supports running both SQL and HiveQL commands. :param sparkContext: The SparkContext to wrap. :param jhiveContext: An optional JVM Scala HiveContext. If set, we do not instantiate a new :class:`HiveContext` in the JVM, instead we make all calls to this object. .. note:: Deprecated in 2.0.0. Use SparkSession.builder.enableHiveSupport().getOrCreate(). """ def __init__(self, sparkContext, jhiveContext=None): warnings.warn( "HiveContext is deprecated in Spark 2.0.0. Please use " + "SparkSession.builder.enableHiveSupport().getOrCreate() instead.", DeprecationWarning) if jhiveContext is None: sparkSession = SparkSession.builder.enableHiveSupport().getOrCreate() else: sparkSession = SparkSession(sparkContext, jhiveContext.sparkSession()) SQLContext.__init__(self, sparkContext, sparkSession, jhiveContext) @classmethod def _createForTesting(cls, sparkContext): """(Internal use only) Create a new HiveContext for testing. All test code that touches HiveContext *must* go through this method. Otherwise, you may end up launching multiple derby instances and encounter with incredibly confusing error messages. """ jsc = jtestHive =, False) return cls(sparkContext, jtestHive)
[docs] def refreshTable(self, tableName): """Invalidate and refresh all the cached the metadata of the given table. For performance reasons, Spark SQL or the external data source library it uses might cache certain metadata about a table, such as the location of blocks. When those change outside of Spark SQL, users should call this function to invalidate the cache. """ self._ssql_ctx.refreshTable(tableName)
def _test(): import os import doctest import tempfile from pyspark.context import SparkContext from pyspark.sql import Row, SQLContext import pyspark.sql.context os.chdir(os.environ["SPARK_HOME"]) globs = pyspark.sql.context.__dict__.copy() sc = SparkContext('local[4]', 'PythonTest') globs['tempfile'] = tempfile globs['os'] = os globs['sc'] = sc globs['sqlContext'] = SQLContext(sc) globs['rdd'] = rdd = sc.parallelize( [Row(field1=1, field2="row1"), Row(field1=2, field2="row2"), Row(field1=3, field2="row3")] ) globs['df'] = rdd.toDF() jsonStrings = [ '{"field1": 1, "field2": "row1", "field3":{"field4":11}}', '{"field1" : 2, "field3":{"field4":22, "field5": [10, 11]},' '"field6":[{"field7": "row2"}]}', '{"field1" : null, "field2": "row3", ' '"field3":{"field4":33, "field5": []}}' ] globs['jsonStrings'] = jsonStrings globs['json'] = sc.parallelize(jsonStrings) (failure_count, test_count) = doctest.testmod( pyspark.sql.context, globs=globs, optionflags=doctest.ELLIPSIS | doctest.NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE) globs['sc'].stop() if failure_count: sys.exit(-1) if __name__ == "__main__": _test()