Source code for pyspark.pandas.mlflow

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MLflow-related functions to load models and apply them to pandas-on-Spark dataframes.
from typing import List, Union

from pyspark.sql.types import DataType
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from typing import Any

from pyspark.pandas._typing import Label, Dtype
from pyspark.pandas.utils import lazy_property, default_session
from pyspark.pandas.frame import DataFrame
from pyspark.pandas.series import Series, first_series
from pyspark.pandas.typedef import as_spark_type

__all__ = ["PythonModelWrapper", "load_model"]

[docs]class PythonModelWrapper: """ A wrapper around MLflow's Python object model. This wrapper acts as a predictor on pandas-on-Spark """ def __init__(self, model_uri: str, return_type_hint: Union[str, type, Dtype]): self._model_uri = model_uri self._return_type_hint = return_type_hint @lazy_property def _return_type(self) -> DataType: hint = self._return_type_hint # The logic is simple for now, because it corresponds to the default # case: continuous predictions # TODO: do something smarter, for example when there is a sklearn.Classifier (it should # return an integer or a categorical) # We can do the same for pytorch/tensorflow/keras models by looking at the output types. # However, this is probably better done in mlflow than here. if hint == "infer" or not hint: hint = np.float64 return as_spark_type(hint) @lazy_property def _model(self) -> Any: """ The return object has to follow the API of mlflow.pyfunc.PythonModel. """ from mlflow import pyfunc return pyfunc.load_model(model_uri=self._model_uri) @lazy_property def _model_udf(self) -> Any: from mlflow import pyfunc spark = default_session() return pyfunc.spark_udf(spark, model_uri=self._model_uri, result_type=self._return_type) def __str__(self) -> str: return "PythonModelWrapper({})".format(str(self._model)) def __repr__(self) -> str: return "PythonModelWrapper({})".format(repr(self._model)) def predict(self, data: Union[DataFrame, pd.DataFrame]) -> Union[Series, pd.Series]: """ Returns a prediction on the data. If the data is a pandas-on-Spark DataFrame, the return is a pandas-on-Spark Series. If the data is a pandas Dataframe, the return is the expected output of the underlying pyfunc object (typically a pandas Series or a numpy array). """ if isinstance(data, pd.DataFrame): return self._model.predict(data) elif isinstance(data, DataFrame): return_col = self._model_udf(*data._internal.data_spark_columns) # TODO: the columns should be named according to the mlflow spec # However, this is only possible with spark >= 3.0 # s = F.struct(*data.columns) # return_col = self._model_udf(s) column_labels: List[Label] = [ (col,) for col in ] internal = data._internal.copy( column_labels=column_labels, data_spark_columns=[return_col], data_fields=None ) return first_series(DataFrame(internal)) else: raise ValueError("unknown data type: {}".format(type(data).__name__))
[docs]def load_model( model_uri: str, predict_type: Union[str, type, Dtype] = "infer" ) -> PythonModelWrapper: """ Loads an MLflow model into a wrapper that can be used both for pandas and pandas-on-Spark DataFrame. Parameters ---------- model_uri : str URI pointing to the model. See MLflow documentation for more details. predict_type : a python basic type, a numpy basic type, a Spark type or 'infer'. This is the return type that is expected when calling the predict function of the model. If 'infer' is specified, the wrapper will attempt to automatically determine the return type based on the model type. Returns ------- PythonModelWrapper A wrapper around MLflow PythonModel objects. This wrapper is expected to adhere to the interface of mlflow.pyfunc.PythonModel. Examples -------- Here is a full example that creates a model with scikit-learn and saves the model with MLflow. The model is then loaded as a predictor that can be applied on a pandas-on-Spark Dataframe. We first initialize our MLflow environment: >>> from mlflow.tracking import MlflowClient, set_tracking_uri >>> import mlflow.sklearn >>> from tempfile import mkdtemp >>> d = mkdtemp("pandas_on_spark_mlflow") >>> set_tracking_uri("file:%s"%d) >>> client = MlflowClient() >>> exp_id = mlflow.create_experiment("my_experiment") >>> exp = mlflow.set_experiment("my_experiment") We aim at learning this numerical function using a simple linear regressor. >>> from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression >>> train = pd.DataFrame({"x1": np.arange(8), "x2": np.arange(8)**2, ... "y": np.log(2 + np.arange(8))}) >>> train_x = train[["x1", "x2"]] >>> train_y = train[["y"]] >>> with mlflow.start_run(): ... lr = LinearRegression() ..., train_y) ... mlflow.sklearn.log_model(lr, "model") LinearRegression... Now that our model is logged using MLflow, we load it back and apply it on a pandas-on-Spark dataframe: >>> from pyspark.pandas.mlflow import load_model >>> run_info = client.search_runs(exp_id)[-1].info >>> model = load_model("runs:/{run_id}/model".format(run_id=run_info.run_id)) >>> prediction_df = ps.DataFrame({"x1": [2.0], "x2": [4.0]}) >>> prediction_df["prediction"] = model.predict(prediction_df) >>> prediction_df x1 x2 prediction 0 2.0 4.0 1.355551 The model also works on pandas DataFrames as expected: >>> model.predict(prediction_df[["x1", "x2"]].to_pandas()) array([[1.35555142]]) Notes ----- Currently, the model prediction can only be merged back with the existing dataframe. Other columns must be manually joined. For example, this code will not work: >>> df = ps.DataFrame({"x1": [2.0], "x2": [3.0], "z": [-1]}) >>> features = df[["x1", "x2"]] >>> y = model.predict(features) >>> # Works: >>> features["y"] = y # doctest: +SKIP >>> # Will fail with a message about dataframes not aligned. >>> df["y"] = y # doctest: +SKIP A current workaround is to use the .merge() function, using the feature values as merging keys. >>> features['y'] = y >>> everything = df.merge(features, on=['x1', 'x2']) >>> everything x1 x2 z y 0 2.0 3.0 -1 1.376932 """ return PythonModelWrapper(model_uri, predict_type)
def _test() -> None: import os import doctest import sys from pyspark.sql import SparkSession import pyspark.pandas.mlflow os.chdir(os.environ["SPARK_HOME"]) globs = pyspark.pandas.mlflow.__dict__.copy() globs["ps"] = pyspark.pandas spark = ( SparkSession.builder.master("local[4]").appName("pyspark.pandas.mlflow tests").getOrCreate() ) (failure_count, test_count) = doctest.testmod( pyspark.pandas.mlflow, globs=globs, optionflags=doctest.ELLIPSIS | doctest.NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE, ) spark.stop() if failure_count: sys.exit(-1) if __name__ == "__main__": try: import mlflow # noqa: F401 import sklearn # noqa: F401 _test() except ImportError: pass