# HAVING Clause

### Description

The HAVING clause is used to filter the results produced by GROUP BY based on the specified condition. It is often used in conjunction with a GROUP BY clause.

### Syntax

HAVING boolean_expression


### Parameters

• boolean_expression

Specifies any expression that evaluates to a result type boolean. Two or more expressions may be combined together using the logical operators ( AND, OR ).

Note

The expressions specified in the HAVING clause can only refer to:

1. Constants
2. Expressions that appear in GROUP BY
3. Aggregate functions

### Examples

CREATE TABLE dealer (id INT, city STRING, car_model STRING, quantity INT);
INSERT INTO dealer VALUES
(100, 'Fremont', 'Honda Civic', 10),
(100, 'Fremont', 'Honda Accord', 15),
(100, 'Fremont', 'Honda CRV', 7),
(200, 'Dublin', 'Honda Civic', 20),
(200, 'Dublin', 'Honda Accord', 10),
(200, 'Dublin', 'Honda CRV', 3),
(300, 'San Jose', 'Honda Civic', 5),
(300, 'San Jose', 'Honda Accord', 8);

-- HAVING clause referring to column in GROUP BY.
SELECT city, sum(quantity) AS sum FROM dealer GROUP BY city HAVING city = 'Fremont';
+-------+---+
|   city|sum|
+-------+---+
|Fremont| 32|
+-------+---+

-- HAVING clause referring to aggregate function.
SELECT city, sum(quantity) AS sum FROM dealer GROUP BY city HAVING sum(quantity) > 15;
+-------+---+
|   city|sum|
+-------+---+
| Dublin| 33|
|Fremont| 32|
+-------+---+

-- HAVING clause referring to aggregate function by its alias.
SELECT city, sum(quantity) AS sum FROM dealer GROUP BY city HAVING sum > 15;
+-------+---+
|   city|sum|
+-------+---+
| Dublin| 33|
|Fremont| 32|
+-------+---+

-- HAVING clause referring to a different aggregate function than what is present in
-- SELECT list.
SELECT city, sum(quantity) AS sum FROM dealer GROUP BY city HAVING max(quantity) > 15;
+------+---+
|  city|sum|
+------+---+
|Dublin| 33|
+------+---+

-- HAVING clause referring to constant expression.
SELECT city, sum(quantity) AS sum FROM dealer GROUP BY city HAVING 1 > 0 ORDER BY city;
+--------+---+
|    city|sum|
+--------+---+
|  Dublin| 33|
| Fremont| 32|
|San Jose| 13|
+--------+---+

-- HAVING clause without a GROUP BY clause.
SELECT sum(quantity) AS sum FROM dealer HAVING sum(quantity) > 10;
+---+
|sum|
+---+
| 78|
+---+