Running Spark on YARN

Support for running on YARN (Hadoop NextGen) was added to Spark in version 0.6.0, and improved in subsequent releases.

Launching Spark on YARN

Ensure that HADOOP_CONF_DIR or YARN_CONF_DIR points to the directory which contains the (client side) configuration files for the Hadoop cluster. These configs are used to write to HDFS and connect to the YARN ResourceManager. The configuration contained in this directory will be distributed to the YARN cluster so that all containers used by the application use the same configuration. If the configuration references Java system properties or environment variables not managed by YARN, they should also be set in the Spark application’s configuration (driver, executors, and the AM when running in client mode).

There are two deploy modes that can be used to launch Spark applications on YARN. In yarn-cluster mode, the Spark driver runs inside an application master process which is managed by YARN on the cluster, and the client can go away after initiating the application. In yarn-client mode, the driver runs in the client process, and the application master is only used for requesting resources from YARN.

Unlike in Spark standalone and Mesos mode, in which the master’s address is specified in the --master parameter, in YARN mode the ResourceManager’s address is picked up from the Hadoop configuration. Thus, the --master parameter is yarn-client or yarn-cluster. To launch a Spark application in yarn-cluster mode:

$ ./bin/spark-submit --class --master yarn-cluster [options] <app jar> [app options]

For example:

$ ./bin/spark-submit --class org.apache.spark.examples.SparkPi \
    --master yarn-cluster \
    --num-executors 3 \
    --driver-memory 4g \
    --executor-memory 2g \
    --executor-cores 1 \
    --queue thequeue \
    lib/spark-examples*.jar \

The above starts a YARN client program which starts the default Application Master. Then SparkPi will be run as a child thread of Application Master. The client will periodically poll the Application Master for status updates and display them in the console. The client will exit once your application has finished running. Refer to the “Debugging your Application” section below for how to see driver and executor logs.

To launch a Spark application in yarn-client mode, do the same, but replace yarn-cluster with yarn-client. To run spark-shell:

$ ./bin/spark-shell --master yarn-client

Adding Other JARs

In yarn-cluster mode, the driver runs on a different machine than the client, so SparkContext.addJar won’t work out of the box with files that are local to the client. To make files on the client available to SparkContext.addJar, include them with the --jars option in the launch command.

$ ./bin/spark-submit --class my.main.Class \
    --master yarn-cluster \
    --jars my-other-jar.jar,my-other-other-jar.jar
    app_arg1 app_arg2


Running Spark-on-YARN requires a binary distribution of Spark which is built with YARN support. Binary distributions can be downloaded from the Spark project website. To build Spark yourself, refer to Building Spark.


Most of the configs are the same for Spark on YARN as for other deployment modes. See the configuration page for more information on those. These are configs that are specific to Spark on YARN.

Debugging your Application

In YARN terminology, executors and application masters run inside “containers”. YARN has two modes for handling container logs after an application has completed. If log aggregation is turned on (with the yarn.log-aggregation-enable config), container logs are copied to HDFS and deleted on the local machine. These logs can be viewed from anywhere on the cluster with the “yarn logs” command.

yarn logs -applicationId <app ID>

will print out the contents of all log files from all containers from the given application. You can also view the container log files directly in HDFS using the HDFS shell or API. The directory where they are located can be found by looking at your YARN configs (yarn.nodemanager.remote-app-log-dir and yarn.nodemanager.remote-app-log-dir-suffix).

When log aggregation isn’t turned on, logs are retained locally on each machine under YARN_APP_LOGS_DIR, which is usually configured to /tmp/logs or $HADOOP_HOME/logs/userlogs depending on the Hadoop version and installation. Viewing logs for a container requires going to the host that contains them and looking in this directory. Subdirectories organize log files by application ID and container ID.

To review per-container launch environment, increase yarn.nodemanager.delete.debug-delay-sec to a large value (e.g. 36000), and then access the application cache through yarn.nodemanager.local-dirs on the nodes on which containers are launched. This directory contains the launch script, JARs, and all environment variables used for launching each container. This process is useful for debugging classpath problems in particular. (Note that enabling this requires admin privileges on cluster settings and a restart of all node managers. Thus, this is not applicable to hosted clusters).

To use a custom log4j configuration for the application master or executors, there are two options:

Note that for the first option, both executors and the application master will share the same log4j configuration, which may cause issues when they run on the same node (e.g. trying to write to the same log file).

If you need a reference to the proper location to put log files in the YARN so that YARN can properly display and aggregate them, use in your For example, log4j.appender.file_appender.File=${}/spark.log. For streaming application, configuring RollingFileAppender and setting file location to YARN’s log directory will avoid disk overflow caused by large log file, and logs can be accessed using YARN’s log utility.

Spark Properties

Property NameDefaultMeaning 512m Amount of memory to use for the YARN Application Master in client mode, in the same format as JVM memory strings (e.g. 512m, 2g). In cluster mode, use spark.driver.memory instead.
spark.driver.cores 1 Number of cores used by the driver in YARN cluster mode. Since the driver is run in the same JVM as the YARN Application Master in cluster mode, this also controls the cores used by the YARN AM. In client mode, use to control the number of cores used by the YARN AM instead. 1 Number of cores to use for the YARN Application Master in client mode. In cluster mode, use spark.driver.cores instead. 100s In `yarn-cluster` mode, time for the application master to wait for the SparkContext to be initialized. In `yarn-client` mode, time for the application master to wait for the driver to connect to it.
spark.yarn.submit.file.replication The default HDFS replication (usually 3) HDFS replication level for the files uploaded into HDFS for the application. These include things like the Spark jar, the app jar, and any distributed cache files/archives.
spark.yarn.preserve.staging.files false Set to true to preserve the staged files (Spark jar, app jar, distributed cache files) at the end of the job rather than delete them.
spark.yarn.scheduler.heartbeat.interval-ms 5000 The interval in ms in which the Spark application master heartbeats into the YARN ResourceManager.
spark.yarn.max.executor.failures numExecutors * 2, with minimum of 3 The maximum number of executor failures before failing the application.
spark.yarn.historyServer.address (none) The address of the Spark history server (i.e. The address should not contain a scheme (http://). Defaults to not being set since the history server is an optional service. This address is given to the YARN ResourceManager when the Spark application finishes to link the application from the ResourceManager UI to the Spark history server UI. For this property, YARN properties can be used as variables, and these are substituted by Spark at runtime. For eg, if the Spark history server runs on the same node as the YARN ResourceManager, it can be set to `${hadoopconf-yarn.resourcemanager.hostname}:18080`.
spark.yarn.dist.archives (none) Comma separated list of archives to be extracted into the working directory of each executor.
spark.yarn.dist.files (none) Comma-separated list of files to be placed in the working directory of each executor.
spark.executor.instances 2 The number of executors. Note that this property is incompatible with spark.dynamicAllocation.enabled.
spark.yarn.executor.memoryOverhead executorMemory * 0.10, with minimum of 384 The amount of off heap memory (in megabytes) to be allocated per executor. This is memory that accounts for things like VM overheads, interned strings, other native overheads, etc. This tends to grow with the executor size (typically 6-10%).
spark.yarn.driver.memoryOverhead driverMemory * 0.07, with minimum of 384 The amount of off heap memory (in megabytes) to be allocated per driver in cluster mode. This is memory that accounts for things like VM overheads, interned strings, other native overheads, etc. This tends to grow with the container size (typically 6-10%). AM memory * 0.07, with minimum of 384 Same as spark.yarn.driver.memoryOverhead, but for the Application Master in client mode. (random) Port for the YARN Application Master to listen on. In YARN client mode, this is used to communicate between the Spark driver running on a gateway and the Application Master running on YARN. In YARN cluster mode, this is used for the dynamic executor feature, where it handles the kill from the scheduler backend.
spark.yarn.queue default The name of the YARN queue to which the application is submitted.
spark.yarn.jar (none) The location of the Spark jar file, in case overriding the default location is desired. By default, Spark on YARN will use a Spark jar installed locally, but the Spark jar can also be in a world-readable location on HDFS. This allows YARN to cache it on nodes so that it doesn't need to be distributed each time an application runs. To point to a jar on HDFS, for example, set this configuration to "hdfs:///some/path".
spark.yarn.access.namenodes (none) A list of secure HDFS namenodes your Spark application is going to access. For example, `spark.yarn.access.namenodes=hdfs://,hdfs://`. The Spark application must have acess to the namenodes listed and Kerberos must be properly configured to be able to access them (either in the same realm or in a trusted realm). Spark acquires security tokens for each of the namenodes so that the Spark application can access those remote HDFS clusters.
spark.yarn.appMasterEnv.[EnvironmentVariableName] (none) Add the environment variable specified by EnvironmentVariableName to the Application Master process launched on YARN. The user can specify multiple of these and to set multiple environment variables. In `yarn-cluster` mode this controls the environment of the SPARK driver and in `yarn-client` mode it only controls the environment of the executor launcher.
spark.yarn.containerLauncherMaxThreads 25 The maximum number of threads to use in the application master for launching executor containers. (none) A string of extra JVM options to pass to the YARN Application Master in client mode. In cluster mode, use `spark.driver.extraJavaOptions` instead. (none) Set a special library path to use when launching the application master in client mode.
spark.yarn.maxAppAttempts in YARN The maximum number of attempts that will be made to submit the application. It should be no larger than the global number of max attempts in the YARN configuration.
spark.yarn.submit.waitAppCompletion true In YARN cluster mode, controls whether the client waits to exit until the application completes. If set to true, the client process will stay alive reporting the application's status. Otherwise, the client process will exit after submission.

Important notes