SHOW FUNCTIONS

Description

Returns the list of functions after applying an optional regex pattern. Given number of functions supported by Spark is quite large, this statement in conjunction with describe function may be used to quickly find the function and understand its usage. The LIKE clause is optional and supported only for compatibility with other systems.

Syntax

SHOW [ function_kind ] FUNCTIONS [ [ LIKE ] { function_name | regex_pattern } ]


Parameters

• function_kind

Specifies the name space of the function to be searched upon. The valid name spaces are :

• USER - Looks up the function(s) among the user defined functions.
• SYSTEM - Looks up the function(s) among the system defined functions.
• ALL - Looks up the function(s) among both user and system defined functions.
• function_name

Specifies a name of an existing function in the system. The function name may be optionally qualified with a database name. If function_name is qualified with a database then the function is resolved from the user specified database, otherwise it is resolved from the current database.

Syntax: [ database_name. ] function_name

• regex_pattern

Specifies a regular expression pattern that is used to filter the results of the statement.

• Except for * and | character, the pattern works like a regular expression.
• * alone matches 0 or more characters and | is used to separate multiple different regular expressions, any of which can match.
• The leading and trailing blanks are trimmed in the input pattern before processing. The pattern match is case-insensitive.

Examples

-- List a system function trim by searching both user defined and system
-- defined functions.
SHOW FUNCTIONS trim;
+--------+
|function|
+--------+
|    trim|
+--------+

-- List a system function concat by searching system defined functions.
SHOW SYSTEM FUNCTIONS concat;
+--------+
|function|
+--------+
|  concat|
+--------+

-- List a qualified function max from database salesdb.
SHOW SYSTEM FUNCTIONS salesdb.max;
+--------+
|function|
+--------+
|     max|
+--------+

-- List all functions starting with t
SHOW FUNCTIONS LIKE 't*';
+-----------------+
|         function|
+-----------------+
|              tan|
|             tanh|
|        timestamp|
|          tinyint|
|           to_csv|
|          to_date|
|          to_json|
|     to_timestamp|
|to_unix_timestamp|
| to_utc_timestamp|
|        transform|
|   transform_keys|
| transform_values|
|        translate|
|             trim|
|            trunc|
|           typeof|
+-----------------+

-- List all functions starting with yea or windo
SHOW FUNCTIONS LIKE 'yea*|windo*';
+--------+
|function|
+--------+
|  window|
|    year|
+--------+

-- Use normal regex pattern to list function names that has 4 characters
-- with t as the starting character.
SHOW FUNCTIONS LIKE 't[a-z][a-z][a-z]';
+--------+
|function|
+--------+
|    tanh|
|    trim|
+--------+