Date: Jun 20, 2023 Version: 3.4.1
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PySpark is the Python API for Apache Spark. It enables you to perform real-time,
large-scale data processing in a distributed environment using Python. It also provides a PySpark
shell for interactively analyzing your data.
PySpark combines Python’s learnability and ease of use with the power of Apache Spark
to enable processing and analysis of data at any size for everyone familiar with Python.
PySpark supports all of Spark’s features such as Spark SQL,
DataFrames, Structured Streaming, Machine Learning (MLlib) and Spark Core.
Spark SQL and DataFrames
Spark SQL is Apache Spark’s module for working with structured data.
It allows you to seamlessly mix SQL queries with Spark programs.
With PySpark DataFrames you can efficiently read, write, transform,
and analyze data using Python and SQL.
Whether you use Python or SQL, the same underlying execution
engine is used so you will always leverage the full power of Spark.
Live Notebook: DataFrame
Spark SQL API Reference
Pandas API on Spark
Pandas API on Spark allows you to scale your pandas workload to any size
by running it distributed across multiple nodes. If you are already familiar
with pandas and want to leverage Spark for big data, pandas API on Spark makes
you immediately productive and lets you migrate your applications without modifying the code.
You can have a single codebase that works both with pandas (tests, smaller datasets)
and with Spark (production, distributed datasets) and you can switch between the
pandas API and the Pandas API on Spark easily and without overhead.
Pandas API on Spark aims to make the transition from pandas to Spark easy but
if you are new to Spark or deciding which API to use, we recommend using PySpark
(see Spark SQL and DataFrames).
Quickstart: Pandas API on Spark
Live Notebook: pandas API on Spark
Pandas API on Spark Reference
Structured Streaming is a scalable and fault-tolerant stream processing engine built on the Spark SQL engine.
You can express your streaming computation the same way you would express a batch computation on static data.
The Spark SQL engine will take care of running it incrementally and continuously and updating the final result
as streaming data continues to arrive.
Structured Streaming Programming Guide
Structured Streaming API Reference
Machine Learning (MLlib)
Built on top of Spark, MLlib is a scalable machine learning library that provides
a uniform set of high-level APIs that help users create and tune practical machine
Machine Learning Library (MLlib) Programming Guide
Machine Learning (MLlib) API Reference
Spark Core and RDDs
Spark Core is the underlying general execution engine for the Spark platform that all
other functionality is built on top of. It provides RDDs (Resilient Distributed Datasets)
and in-memory computing capabilities.
Note that the RDD API is a low-level API which can be difficult to use and you do not get
the benefit of Spark’s automatic query optimization capabilities.
We recommend using DataFrames (see Spark SQL and DataFrames above)
instead of RDDs as it allows you to express what you want more easily and lets Spark automatically
construct the most efficient query for you.
Spark Core API Reference
Spark Streaming (Legacy)
Spark Streaming is an extension of the core Spark API that enables scalable,
high-throughput, fault-tolerant stream processing of live data streams.
Note that Spark Streaming is the previous generation of Spark’s streaming engine.
It is a legacy project and it is no longer being updated.
There is a newer and easier to use streaming engine in Spark called
Structured Streaming which you
should use for your streaming applications and pipelines.
Spark Streaming Programming Guide (Legacy)
Spark Streaming API Reference (Legacy)