Aggregate the values of each key, using given combine functions and a neutral
“zero value”. This function can return a different result type, U, than the type
of the values in this RDD, V. Thus, we need one operation for merging a V into
a U and one operation for merging two U’s, The former operation is used for merging
values within a partition, and the latter is used for merging values between
partitions. To avoid memory allocation, both of these functions are
allowed to modify and return their first argument instead of creating a new U.